Note: The UGS Platform has been updated to use maven. Some parts of this document need to be updated to reflect that change.



Plugin development

The UGS Platform is built ontop of the NetBeans Platform. This gives us powerful tools to work with, including a robust plugin system. The heart of the UGS Platform is a module which wraps and exposes the Universal Gcode Sender JAR file - the same jar you could execute to run the Classic GUI! Other than using the UGSLib module, developing a plugin for the UGS Platform is exactly the same as developing any other NetBeans Platform plugin. And there is lots of great documentation for that, here is the NetBeans Platform Plugin Quick Start guide.

Workflow Plugin Tutorial

In this tutorial we're going to build a window to help manage jobs that use multiple tools which are split into multiple files. The rough design idea will have a central table with four columns containing: File name Tool name (editable) * Finished flag

There will be a pair of buttons to add and remove files from the table, and we will also hook up a UGS event listener to detect when files are opened from other areas of the interface as well.

Lastly, we'll add another pair of buttons to move rows around in the table, so that we can reorganize the workflow if files were added out of order the order.

Here is a sketch of what we're building:

Create and configure project

Universal Gcode Sender is developed with NetBeans, and plugins are no exception. Once you've cloned the Universal Gcode Sender project you should be able to open the UGSPlatform folder with NetBeans and it will discover a project that you can open. To start building your module expand the UGSPlatform section, right-click the modules directory and select Add New....

This will open up a wizard where you name the module, and declare the source path. For this example the module is named WorkflowModuleTutorial and the source path is com.willwinder.ugs.nbp.workflowmoduletutorial which is the convention used in the core modules.

Add UGS dependencies

Your module should now be listed in the Modules section. If it doesn't you may need to restart NetBeans. Before we dive into the code there are a couple helper classes to import which will give you full access to the UGS API. Double click your module from the Modules section to open the code, then right-click the top level item which appeared and select the properties menu.

Select Add Dependency..., here you should search for UGSLib and CentralLookup then add them to your plugin.

Create window class

Now we're ready to build the module. In this tutorial we're building a window to manage a multi-job workflow, so we'll start by adding a window to customize.

  1. Open the new module and right click the new package, in the context menu go to New -> Window.... To bring up the new window wizard.
  2. In the first screen of the wizard choose the default location your window will appear. Custom locations have been designed for UGS Platform, the largest is named visualizer because it is the Visualizer's default location. We'll use this location for our plugin. This means that when our plugin opens it will be tabbed with the Visualizer module.
  3. Click next and choose a class name for your module, for this tutorial I'm going to call it WorkflowModuleTutorial.

Build the GUI

The NetBeans GUI builder makes it easy to make a custom user interface without writing a single line of code (which is the main reason UGS uses NetBeans!). Using the GUI builder we'll add some buttons and a table. This step can be as elaborate as you want. If you're a seasoned swing developer and prefer not to use the magic GUI builder, no worries, you can create the UI programatically as well - but that is a different tutorial.

The JTable is going to be the trickiest part of build the GUI. To configure the table right-click the JTable object from the component navigator and select Table Contents.... Here you can add our 3 columns and specify that the data types. You can also specify which columns are editable, in this example we want the user to be able to type in what type of tool should be used.

Autogenerated code

Before writing any code, lets take a look at what has already been automatically generated for us.

  1. Just above the class there are a number of annotations. These are used by the NetBeans platform, most of them were setup according to how you filled in the Wizards earlier. They can also configure things like keyboard shortcuts, and where things are put in the dropdown menus.

  2. Within the class there are several grayed out sections. This is code generated by NetBeans which the IDE prevents you from modifying outside the GUI builder or in some cases component properties. For example if you wanted to use a custom JTable, you would configure the table in the GUI builder by adding a custom constructor.

  3. At the end of the file is componentOpened and componentClosed, these are lifecycle events that are called when the window has been opened or closed.

  4. Also at the end of the file is writeProperties and readProperties, these are used to save the window state between runs.

Annotated code

This is the longest section because it will explain every line of code added to the WorkflowModuleTutorial class. The most complicated code deals with Swing component manipulation, with just a smattering of UGS lifecycle events to push things along.

Class signature

/**
 * UGSEventListener - this is how a plugin can listen to UGS lifecycle events.
 * ListSelectionListener - listen for table selections.
 */
public final class WorkflowWindowTutorialTopComponent
        extends TopComponent
        implements UGSEventListener, ListSelectionListener {

    // These are the UGS backend objects for interacting with the backend.
    private final Settings settings;
    private final BackendAPI backend;

    // This is used to identify when a stream has completed.
    private boolean wasSending;

    // This is used in most methods, so cache it here.
    DefaultTableModel model;

Constructor

    public WorkflowWindowTopComponent() {
        initComponents();
        setName(Bundle.CTL_WorkflowWindowTopComponent());
        setToolTipText(Bundle.HINT_WorkflowWindowTopComponent());

        // This is how to access the UGS backend and register the listener.
        // CentralLookup is used to get singleton instances of the UGS
        // Settings and BackendAPI objects.
        settings = CentralLookup.getDefault().lookup(Settings.class);
        backend = CentralLookup.getDefault().lookup(BackendAPI.class);
        backend.addUGSEventListener(this);

        // Allow contiguous ranges of selections and register a listener.
        this.fileTable.setSelectionMode(
            ListSelectionModel.SINGLE_INTERVAL_SELECTION);
        ListSelectionModel cellSelectionModel =
            this.fileTable.getSelectionModel();
        cellSelectionModel.addListSelectionListener(this);

        // Cache the model object.
        model = (DefaultTableModel)this.fileTable.getModel();
    }

UGS Event Listener

    @Override
    public void UGSEvent(UGSEvent cse) {
        if (cse.isStateChangeEvent()) {
            if (wasSending && cse.getControlState() == ControlState.COMM_IDLE)
               this.completeFile(backend.getGcodeFile());
            wasSending = backend.isSending();
        }
        if (cse.isFileChangeEvent()) {
            this.addFileToWorkflow(backend.getGcodeFile());
        }

    }

File Complete Handler

    public void completeFile(File gcodeFile) {
        if (gcodeFile == null) return;

        // Make sure the file is loaded in the table.
        int fileIndex = findFileIndex(gcodeFile);
        if (fileIndex < 0) return;

        // Mark that it has been completed.
        model.setValueAt(true, fileIndex, 2);

        fileIndex++;
        String message;

        // Make sure there is another command left.
        if (fileIndex < fileTable.getRowCount()) {
            String nextTool = (String) model.getValueAt(fileIndex, 1);
            String messageTemplate =
                   "Finished sending '%s'.\n"
                 + "The next file uses tool '%s'\n"
                 + "Load tool and move machine to its zero location\n"
                 + "and click send to continue this workflow.";
            message = String.format(
                messageTemplate, gcodeFile.getName(), nextTool);

            // Select the next row, this will trigger a selection event.
            fileTable.setRowSelectionInterval(fileIndex, fileIndex);

        // Use a different message if we're finished.
        } else {
            message = "Finished sending the last file!";
        }

        // Display a notification.
        java.awt.EventQueue.invokeLater(() -> {
            JOptionPane.showMessageDialog(new JFrame(), message, 
                    "Workflow Event", JOptionPane.PLAIN_MESSAGE);
        });
    }

JTable Selection Listener

    @Override
    public void valueChanged(ListSelectionEvent e) {
        int[] selectedRow = fileTable.getSelectedRows();
        // Only load files when there is a single selection.
        if (selectedRow.length == 1) {
            // Pull the file out of the table and set it in the backend.
            String file = (String) model.getValueAt(selectedRow[0], 0);
            try {
                backend.setGcodeFile(new File(file));
            } catch (Exception ex) {
                Exceptions.printStackTrace(ex);
            }
        }
    }

JTable Helper

    public void addFileToWorkflow(File gcodeFile) {
        if (gcodeFile == null) {
            return;
        }

        int fileIndex = findFileIndex(gcodeFile);
        // Don't re-add a file.
        if (fileIndex >= 0) {
            return;
        }

        model.addRow(new Object[]{
                gcodeFile.getAbsolutePath(),
                "default",
                false
            });

        // Fire off the selection event to load the file.
        int lastRow = fileTable.getRowCount() - 1;
        fileTable.setRowSelectionInterval(lastRow, lastRow);
    }

Add/Remove Button Action Handlers

    private void addButtonActionPerformed(ActionEvent evt) {                                          
        // Open a file chooser pointing at the last opened directory.
        JFileChooser fileChooser = GcodeFileTypeFilter.getGcodeFileChooser(
            settings.getLastOpenedFilename());

        int returnVal = fileChooser.showOpenDialog(this);
        if (returnVal == JFileChooser.APPROVE_OPTION) {
            File gcodeFile = fileChooser.getSelectedFile();

            // Save the new directory!
            settings.setLastOpenedFilename(gcodeFile.getParent());

            addFileToWorkflow(gcodeFile);
        }  
    }                                         

    private void removeButtonActionPerformed(ActionEvent evt) {                                             
        int[] selectedRows = fileTable.getSelectedRows();
        if (selectedRows.length == 0) return;

        Arrays.sort(selectedRows);
        for (int i = selectedRows.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            int row = selectedRows[i]
            this.model.removeRow(row);
            this.model.fireTableRowsDeleted(row, row);
        }
    }                                            

Up / Down Button Action Handlers

    private void upButtonActionPerformed(ActionEvent evt) {                                         
        int[] selectedRows = fileTable.getSelectedRows();

        // Exit early if nothing is selected.
        if (selectedRows.length == 0) return;

        Arrays.sort(selectedRows);

        // Exit early if the selected range can't move.
        if (selectedRows[0] == 0) return;

        for (int i = 0; i < selectedRows.length; i++) {
            selectedRows[i] = this.moveRow(selectedRows[i], -1);
        }

        int first = selectedRows[0];
        int last = selectedRows[selectedRows.length-1];
        fileTable.setRowSelectionInterval(first, last);
    }                                        

    private void downButtonActionPerformed(ActionEvent evt) {                                           
        int[] selectedRows = fileTable.getSelectedRows();

        // Exit early if nothing is selected.
        if (selectedRows.length == 0) return;

        Arrays.sort(selectedRows);

        // Exit early if the selected range can't move.
        if (selectedRows[selectedRows.length-1]
                == fileTable.getRowCount()) return;

        for (int i = selectedRows.length - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
            selectedRows[i] = this.moveRow(selectedRows[i], 1);
        }

        int first = selectedRows[0];
        int last = selectedRows[selectedRows.length-1];
        fileTable.setRowSelectionInterval(first, last);
    } 

NetBeans Platform Component Lifecycle Code

    @Override
    public void componentOpened() {
        this.wasSending = backend.isSending();
    }

    @Override
    public void componentClosed() {
        // No special close handling.
    }

    void writeProperties(java.util.Properties p) {
        // better to version settings since initial version as advocated at
        // http://wiki.apidesign.org/wiki/PropertyFiles
        p.setProperty("version", "1.0");

        // We could save the loaded files here
    }

    void readProperties(java.util.Properties p) {
        String version = p.getProperty("version");

        // We could load previously loaded files here
    }

Helper Methods

    /**
     * Look for the provided file in the file table.
     */
    private int findFileIndex(File gcodeFile) {
        if (gcodeFile == null) return -1;

        for (int i = 0; i < model.getRowCount(); i++) {
            String file = (String) model.getValueAt(i, 0);
            if (file != null && gcodeFile.getAbsolutePath().equals(file)) {
                return i;
            }
        }

        return -1;
    }

    /**
     * Move a given row by some offset. If the offset would move the row outside
     * of the current table size, the row is not moved.
     */
    private int moveRow(int row, int offset) {
        int dest = row + offset;
        if (dest < 0 || dest >= model.getRowCount()) {
            return row;
        }

        model.moveRow(row, row, dest);
        return dest;
    }

Conclusion

Here is a quick screencast of what this plugin does for us. In the GUI builder I swapped in some up/down arrows compared to the tutorial.